According to the National Safety Council, a chance of a collision is highest at an intersection. In city orStop urban areas, more than half of all collisions occur at intersections. In rural areas, collisions at Intersections are often more serious.
Two Basic Types of Intersections:
Those with traffic lights and/or signs that direct traffic
Those without traffic lights or signs
As you approach an intersection, slow down. It is important to ensure the intersection is clear before you enter it. Stop at the painted stop line or stop short of the crosswalk. Never enter an intersection you cannot exit. Wait either for the intersection to clear or for the next light.
Be aware of the following hazards while on the road: Changes in right-of-way, Aggressive drivers, Distracted drivers, Poor sight-lines, Pedestrians, Merging traffic
These hazards all contribute to the three common types of intersection accidents:
T-bone Collisions occur when two vehicles collide at right angles to make a "T" shape. This accident occurs when one driver does not yield the right-of-way, or when a driver tries to beat a red light.
Head-on Collisions usually occur when a distracted driver crosses the intersection and collides "head-on" with another vehicle.
Hitting a Pedestrian - Pedestrians are vulnerable e at intersections and have the right of way at all times. When drivers fail to recognize this rule, it creates a highly dangerous and potentially deadly situation.
It Could Happen to You...
Jane, a driver for ABC organization was driving with two passengers. Approaching an intersection, Jane ran a red light, which caused another vehicle to strike hers. Jane was cited for running a red light, improper lookout, improper control of a vehicle, and failure to follow traffic control devices. Jane was also found to be 100% liable for the collision. The claimant's vehicle included a driver and passenger. The driver was awarded $285, 000 for bodily injuries and $2,356.00 for damages to her vehicle. The passenger was awarded $170,000 for bodily injuries. Jane's two passengers also sustained injuries and were paid a total of $6,772.79 for both individuals. The vehicle Jane was driving was totaled with a payout of $29,471.84. This is a total of $493,600.63 in damages.
Several factors could have led to Jane running that red light. Maybe she was distracted from the passengers, or maybe she was trying to beat a yellow light and was driving aggressively. By driving irresponsibly Jane put two individuals in danger, as well as herself, and the occupants of the other vehicle. This situation could have been avoided had Jane been attentive while driving, and obeyed traffic laws by stopping at the red light.
HANDLING THE DANGERS: Maintain your field of safety
Maintaining your field of safety can be defined as stopping far enough behind another vehicle so its rear tires are clearly visible. Allowing sufficient space between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you gives your vehicle room in case you are hit from behind. This can lessen the amount of damage. When the flow of traffic starts to move again, wait two seconds after the vehicle in front of you moves before accelerating.
Be aware of everything occurring in and around an intersection. Scan the intersection when approaching.
Take note of: Other vehicles, The color of the traffic light, What the signal lights of other drivers are indicating: Emergency vehicles, merging lanes, pedestrians and school buses that are either approaching or are already in the intersection.
Properly scan the intersection: Look left, Look right, Look straight ahead, Scan left again
When scanning the area, it is important to remember there are vehicles all around you. Yield the right-of-way. Many intersection crashes are a result of right-of-way violations.
Right-of-way violations include: Failure to yield, Disregarding a traffic signal, Running or rolling through a stop sign, Improper merging
Do not take right-of-way for granted. If you have the right-of-way but someone else is trying to claim it, allow that vehicle to do so to ensure the safety of you and your passengers.
Rules of the right-of-way: Yield to a vehicle already in the intersection. If two vehicles reach an intersection at the same time, the one on the left should yield to the one on the right. Yield to pedestrians. When making left turns, yield to on-coming cars and pedestrians. At a four-way stop, the first vehicle to come to a complete stop has the Right-of-way, followed in a counter-clockwise circle by the vehicle to the right.
Intersections are dangerous as traffic is moving in several different directions. It is important to remember that other drivers may be inattentive and reckless. Always be aware of the risks involved when approaching on intersection. The vehicle you are driving holds precious cargo, knowledge of safety can minimize your chance of being in an accident.